Simply stated, a Tort is a wrong. It involves any damage, injury, or wrongful act done willfully, negligently, or in circumstances involving strict liability (but not involving breach of contract) for which a court of law will grant monetary damages or an equitable remedy to compensate you for your injury.
Torts can be violations of civil law, like personal injury, negligence, misrepresentation, libel or slander, trespassing, invasion of privacy, etc. Or torts may involve criminal acts, like assault, battery, kidnapping, arson, burglary, manslaughter, murder, rape, or robbery.
So while a tort may also be a crime, the primary purpose of tort law is to compensate the injured party, not to punish the wrongdoer as in criminal law, except where the conduct is particularly offensive. Punitive damages (compensation in excess of actual damages designed to punish the wrongdoer) may be awarded if the perpetrator's conduct was willful, malicious, or outrageous.
Mass Torts occur when a large number of people have been similarly injured. Examples of mass torts include major multi-party lawsuits involving faulty products like defective hip implants, silicone breast implants, tobacco, or the many pharmaceutical cases that HermanGerel is known for.